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Taekwondo – Korean martial art and national sport : Numbers, tenets, oath & history.

TAEKWONDO 태권도 101 - Korean martial art and national sports : Taekwondo by the numbers, 5 tenets, oath, and brief history.

“The most difficult part of traditional Taekwondo is not learning the first kick or punch. It is not struggling to remember the motions of a poomsae or becoming acquainted with Korean culture. Rather, it is taking the first step across the threshold of the dojang door. This is where roads diverge, where choices are made that will resonate throughout a lifetime.” 

― Doug Cook, Taekwondo: A Path to Excellence

WHAT DOES TAEKWONDO MEAN?

TAE 태 跆 – “to stomp”, “feet”

KWON 권 拳 – “to punch”, “fist”

DO 도 道 – “discipline”, “way”

“The Way of the Hand and Foot”

TAEKWONDO BY THE NUMBERS

MEMBER COUNTRIES – 208

PEOPLE PRACTICING – OVER 80 MILLION

BLACK BELT HOLDERS – OVER 4 MILLION

TAEKWONDO STUDIOS IN KOREA – OVER 10,000

5 TENETS OF TAEKWONDO

COURTESY
예의 (ye ui)

INDOMITABLE SPIRIT
백주불굴 (baek ju bul gul)

INTEGRITY
염치 (yeom chi)

SELF-CONTROL
극기 (guk gi)

PERSEVERANCE
인내 (in nae)

TAEKWONDO OATH

1. I shall observe the tenets of Tae Kwon Do

2. I shall respect my instructor and seniors

3. I shall never misuse Tae Kwon Do

4. I shall be a champion of freedom & justice

5. I shall build a more peaceful world.

BRIEF HISTORY

1940’s1950’s
FIRST SCHOOLS ESTABLISHED
Shortly after WWII, martial arts schools, named “kwan appear, but each kwan practices their own style of martial arts.

1952
EARLY FORMATION
South Korean President Syngman Rhee urges that the martial arts styles of the kwans be merged and standardized.

1959 – 1966
KTA AND ITF ESTABLISHED
Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) is established to facilitate the unification of Korean martial arts.
In 1966, Choi Hong Hi establishes International Tae Kwon Do Federation (ITF), a separate entity incorporating his own style.

1973
WORLD TAEKWONDO FEDERATION
World Federation of Tae Kwon Do Is Established, with Kukkiwon 국기원 as headquarter.

2000
GLOBAL RECOGNITION
Taekwondo becomes an official medal event at the 2000 games in Sydney.

Golden Buzzer: World Taekwondo Demonstration Team Shocks the Judges – America’s Got Talent 2021



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