HYPHE-NATED

K-Pop Dictionary

Essential K-pop Lingo – Evil Maknae, Hyung Whore, Pedo Noona, Ajae & more

Do you already know how to pronounce Korean consonants and vowels? Cool! Continue the lesson below, but if you need to learn them or need a quick refresher, you can do that for free Complete Beginner Lesson #1 – CONSONANTS & VOWELS : Let’s Learn How to Read and Pronounce Korean alphabet Hangul 한글!

막내 Maknae
(mak-nae)

“The Youngest Member of a Group”
The youngest member of an idol group who is often the life of the party. They also assume the role of taking care of little favors and chores for the group.

Example)
Anybody can tell that Grace is the maknae of the group because she is the most energetic, innocent, and silly girl of all.

Evil Maknae
It refers to the type of maknaes (the youngest member of a group) who don’t possess the traditional/typical maknae qualities. They are often mischie￾vous and naughty towards older group members, including the leader, but everybody just loves them because after all, they are just adorable maknaes. It was also a nickname for Kyuhyun of Super Junior.

Example)
We have a new member in the band, and I have a feeling he will be an evil maknae… He is such a prankster!

형 Hyung
(hyŏng)

“Older Brother”
A term used by a younger male to address an older male sibling. It can be used for any older male who they share enough emotional intimacy with. Sometimes the older male won’t let the younger male call him this, unless permission is given. It can be used in place of someone’s name.

Example)
Hey, Tony, meet my little brother. Since he is 2 years older than you, he is your hyung.

news.joins.com

형님 Hyungnim
(hyŏng-nim)

“Older Brother (honorific)
An honorific term for “Hyung”, where “nim” can be translated as “sir” or “Mr.”, and the bosses of 조폭 jopok (Korean mafia) are also called this.

Example)
Insoo: Hyung! Can I use your computer?
Inho: Only if you call me hyungnim.

Hyungwhore

“Person Who Loves to Hang Out with His Hyungs a Lot”
A male KPOP idol who is always seen in the company of hyungs (older males). It does not mean that he is homosexual, but it is what he likes
doing. Usually, the maknae members of a group show this tendency.

Example)
Yuno always hangs out with his hyungs. Many thought he might be gay, but he also has a girlfriend. So with that possibility ruled out, he is just a hyung whore.

누나 Noona
(nu-na)

“Older Sister”
A term used exclusively by a younger male to an older female, but it can’t be used to a stranger unless permission is given or until enough emotional intimacy has been established. It can, however, be used by a younger male to address an older female in a relationship.

Example)
Noona! Where is mom?

RELATED : SAJANGNIM 사장님 (Mr. Boss)? HYUNG? NOONA? OPPA? WHY do Korean people prefer addressing someone by their title and not their name? And learn the proper Korean appellations to avoid those socially awkward moments!

누나 로맨스 Noona Romance

“Older Woman Falling in Love With a Younger Guy”
In K-Dramas, it often starts with a strong denial but eventually ends as the female character gives in and accepts the reality.

Example)
What? There is no way I’m having noona romance with him! He is way younger than me and I like him only as a dong saeng. Hm, on a second thought, he is kinda cute.

누나킬러 Noona Killer

“Hot Young Male Capable of Making Noona’s Fall in Love With Him”

A hot young male who is capable of making noonas fall in love with him, using various tactics such as aegyo and eye smiles.

Example)
Andrew is so popular among noona’s because of his cuteness. He is such a noona killer.

Pedo Noona

“Older Female with an Interest in Younger Male Idols”
A compound word made up of “pedophile” and “noona”. It refers to an older female with an interest in a younger male idol in an inappropriate and even sexual way.

Example)
Be careful, Patricia is an infamous pedo noona! I heard her boyfriend just graduated from high school.

엄마 Umma
(ŏm-ma)

“Mom”
Also something you say when startled, similar to saying “Oh my god!”.

Example)
Umma! Dinner! I am hungry!

언니 Unnie
(ŏn-ni)

“Older Female Sibling”
A term which a female uses to address an older female sibling, but it can be used to address any older female with whom significant emotional intimacy is shared. It can also be used to address a waitress at a restaurant. It can be used in place of someone’s name.

Example)
Unnie, what should we get for umma’s birthday?

선배 Sunbae
(sŏn-bae)

“Senior in a Certain Field”
Someone with more experience or seniority in a certain field, regardless of age. As a sunbae, one assumes the leadership and provides care to their hoobae’s.

Example)
Sunbae! We will do anything you say! Just give us an order.

후배 Hoobae
(hubae)

“Junior in a Certain Field”
It refers to a junior who is less experienced or with less seniority in a certain field, regardless of age.

Example)
Although Kyuho is 3 years older than me, he is my hoobae because I debuted 2 years before him.

아재 Ajae
(a-jae)

“Someone/Something Outdated”
A Gangwon province dialect for “아저씨” ajuhssi (“uncle”), “middle-aged man” or “married man”, but can be used to address an unfamiliar adult
male. It is often translated as “mister” in English. Recently, this word has been associated with someone who is very archaic or old￾fashioned.

Example)
Goyoung: What did one plate say to the other? Lunch is on me! LOL!
Bo: Ajae please…

아재 개그 Ajae Gag
(a-jae-gae-gŭ)

Adjective. “Dad Jokes”
A compound word made up of “아재” ajae (“outdated”) + “개그” gag (“jokes”). When used, it does not bring about laughter but an awkward
moment of silence. It is not only ajaes that make lame jokes, though. Regardless of age, if someone is not up on the latest trends and tells old,
tired jokes, they are an ajae.

Example)
Making ajae gag adds at least 20 years to your actual age.

RELATED : WHAT is HOESIK 회식 – The dreaded company event aka “company (un)happy hour” or “office boot-camp” everyone wants to avoid?

친구 Chingu
(ch’in-’gu)

“Friend”, “Buddy”
Although two people can be friends regardless of their age, chingu is exclusively used for a person of the same age/grade in school. Others are
addressed as “선배” sunbae (“senior”) and “후배” hoobae (“junior”)

Example)
Since they both come from the 96-line, they became chingu.

동생 Dong Saeng
(dong-saeng)

“Younger Sibling”
A term for a younger sibling, but it can be used for anyone younger, regardless of gender. It can be used in place of someone’s name.

Example)
Hyoju, the youngest, is my favorite dong saeng.

The content your enjoying is complimentary from “The K-Pop Dictionary.” If you wish to learn all 500 essential K-pop words and phrases to fully understand what your favorite idols are saying, check it out on Amazon worldwide.

Recommended Resources on Amazon


Fastest Way to Speak Korean
  • Let’s Speak Korean – Learn Over 1,400+ Expressions Quickly and Easily With Pronunciation & Grammar Guide Marks – Just Listen, Repeat, and Learn!
Self-study Korean Books for Beginners
  • Korean for Everyone – Complete Self-Study Program : Beginner Level: Pronunciation, Writing, Korean Alphabet, Spelling, Vocabulary, Practice Quiz With Audio Files
Learn the Most Essential Korean Slang Words and Expressions
  • K-Pop Dictionary – 500 Essential Korean Slang Words and Phrases Every K-Pop Fan Must Know
Learn About Korean Culture
Previous
Next
Sign Up For Our NewsletterAll things Korean delivered right to your inbox.

Korean Culture 101, Korean Lessons, K-Food Recipes and many more. Stay in the know our occasional newsletter!