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Korean For Everyone Korean Lessons Writing Practice

Korean Alphabet Hangul Writing Practice (ㅇ-ㅎ) And Pronunciation Drill


이응 (i-ŭng)

Initial consonant sound ‘silent’ 기 [agi] baby
*Therefore it’s the sound of the vowel.
Final consonant sound ‘ng’ 봉 [bong] pole

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Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘‘silent’ (vowel sound)

빠 [obba] older brother

표 [upyo] postage

인 [aein] lover

기 [agi] baby

름 [irŭn] name

부 [ŏbu] fisherman

Final Consonant Sound ‘ng’

[jing] gong

[dŭng] lamp

[jibang] fat

[gaŏng] household

부 [gongbu] study

Followed by a Vowel

[jing-a] [아]

[jing-ŭl] [을]

[jing-u] [우]

[jing-o] [오]

[jing-i] [이]

Affecting Following Consonant

Does NOT affect following consonant.


지읒 (ji-ŭt)

Initial consonant sound ‘j’ 비 [jabi] mercy
Final consonant sound ‘t’ [nat] daytime

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘j’

개 [jogae] clam

름 [jurŭm] wrinkle

미 [jaemi] fun

유 [jayu] freedom

구 [jigu] earth

울 [jŏul] scale

Final Consonant Sound ‘t’

[jŏt] milk

[got] cape

꽃 [bŏtkkot] cherry blossom

Followed by a Vowel

[jŏ-ja] [자]

[jŏ-jŭl] [즐]

[jŏ-ju] [주]

[jŏ-jo] [조]

[jŏ-ji] [지]

Refer back to the chart – though the final consonant is pronounced as ‘t’, it sounds like ‘j’ when followed by a vowel.

Affecting Following Consonant

[jŏt-kko] [꼬]

[jŏt-dda] [따]

[jŏt-bbo] [뽀]

[jŏt-sso] [쏘]

[jŏt-jji] [찌]


치읓 (chi-ŭt)

Initial consonant sound ‘ch’ 비 [chabi] car fare
Final consonant sound ‘t’ [kkot] flower

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘ch’

록 [chorok] green

가 [chuga] addition

도 [chaedo] chroma

도 [chado] roadway

아 [chia] tooth

리 [chŏri] to process

Final Consonant Sound ‘t’

[bit] light

[nat] face

[sut] charcoal

[dot] sail

Followed by a Vowel

[bi-cha] [차]

[bi-chŭl] [츨]

[bi-chu] [추]

[bi-cho] [초]

[bi-chi] [치]

Refer back to the chart – though the final consonant is pronounced as ‘t’, it sounds like ‘c’ when followed by a vowel.

Affecting Following Consonant

[bit-kko] [꼬]

[bit-dda] [따]

[bit-bbo] [뽀]

[bit-sso] [쏘]

[bit-jji] [찌]


키읔 (ki-ŭk)

Initial consonant sound ‘k’ 쿠키 [kuki] cookie
Final consonant sound ‘k’ 부 [buok] kitchen

Actually, there’s a typo – It should be Final consonant sound ‘k’ 부엌 [buok] kitchen

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘k’

골이 [kogori] snoring

바 [kuba] Cuba

나다 [kaenada] Canada

메라 [kamera] camera

우다 [kiuda] to grow

피 [kŏpi] coffee

Final Consonant Sound ‘k’

[buŏk] kitchen

[namnyŏk] southern

Words ending with a ㅋ batchim is very rare.

Followed by a Vowel

부엌 [buŏ-ka] [카]

부엌 [buŏ-kŭl] [클]

부엌 [buŏ-ku] [쿠]

부엌 [buŏ-ko] [코]

부엌 [buŏ-ki] [키]

Affecting Following Consonant

부엌[buŏk-kko] [꼬]

부엌[buŏk-dda] [따]

부엌[buŏk-bbo] [뽀]

부엌 [buŏk-sso] [쏘]

부엌 [buŏk-jji] [찌]


티읕 (ti-ŭt)

Initial consonant sound ‘t’ 끼 [tokki] rabbit
Final consonant sound ‘t’ [sot] caldron

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘t’

기 [togi] earthenware

수 [tusu] (baseball) pitcher

도 [taedo] attitude

조 [tajo] ostrich

끌 [tikkŭl] speck

키 [tŏki] Turkey

Final Consonant Sound ‘t’

[gŏt] outside/exterior

[kkŭt] the end

[bat] field/farm

[pat] red bean

[mit] bottom/under

Followed by a Vowel

[gŏ-ta] [타]

[gŏ-tŭl] [틀]

[gŏ-tu] [투]

[gŏ-to] [토]

[gŏ-chi] [치]*

Affecting Following Consonant

[gŏt-kko] [꼬]

[gŏt-dda] [따]

[gŏt-bbo] [뽀]

[gŏt-sso] [쏘]

[gŏt-jji] [찌]


피읖 (pi-ŭp)

Initial consonant sound ‘p’ 도 [pado] wave
Final consonant sound ‘p’ 풀 [pulip] grass leaf

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘p’

화 [pohwa] saturation

름 [purŭm] blueness

배 [paebae] defeat

괴 [pagoe] destruction

구 [pigu] dodgeball

짐 [pŏjim] diffusion

Final Consonant Sound ‘p’

[murŭp] knee

[ap] front/before

[hŏnggŏp] piece of cloth

[ip] leaf

Followed by a Vowel

[i-pa] [파]

[i-pŭl] [플]

[i-pu] [푸]

[i-po] [포]

[i-pi] [피]

Affecting Following Consonant

[ip-kko] [꼬]

[ip-dda] [따]

[ip-bbo] [뽀]

[ip-sso] [쏘]

[ip-jji] [찌]


히읗 (i-ŭt)

Initial consonant sound ‘h’ 마 [hama] hippo
Final consonant sound ‘t’ 다 [dat-dda] to reach

Play the audio below and follow along.

Initial Consonant Sound ‘h’

박 [hobak] pumpkin

추 [huchu] black pepper

안 [haean] coastal line

늘 [hanŭl] sky

잡 [hijap] hijab

리 [hŏri] waist

Final Consonant Sound ‘t’

다 [bbat-ta] to grind

다 [nat-ta] to give birth

다 [not-ta] to let go

다 [hayat-ta] is white

___ denotes affected consonant

Followed by a Vowel

[da-a] [아]

[da-ŭl] [을]

[da-u] [우]

[da-o] [오]

[da-i] [이]

Refer back to the chart – though the final consonant is pronounced as ‘t’, it is silent when followed by a vowel (i.e., it’s the sound of the vowel).

Affecting Following Consonant

[dat-kko] [꼬]

[dat-dda] [따]

[dat-bbo] [뽀]

[dat-sso] [쏘]

[dat-jji] [찌]

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