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Korean Adverb Conjugation Rules ~게/ ~히/~이/~히/~적으로 & Adverb Markers

Korean Adverb Conjugation Rules

CONTINUED FROM Complete Beginner Lesson – GRAMMAR : ADJECTIVES AND CONJUGATION RULES ㄴ/은 / IRREGULAR ㅂ/ ㅎ BATCHIM ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS

All right! Let’s learn about another super important element that’s related to adjectives we just learned. They are, adverbs! By definition, they are words or phrases that modify/qualify an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.

For example, in English, the adjective careful is carefully when used as an adverb.

I quickly ran home. = I ran home quickly.

In English, an adverb can be placed before or after a verb, but in Korean, it has to be placed before a verb and can’t come before a subject.

And there are different types of adverbs, and truth be told, the rules are not ‘hard and fast’, meaning there are many exceptions to the rules. Therefore, it’s so much easier to familiarize yourself with them to be able to identify them than trying to memorize the rules that are quite convoluted.

Korean Adverb Conjugation Rule #1 하다 -> ~게 / ~히 type

For adjectives ending with “하다”, you can either

1) replace the ending 다 with 게, as above, or

2) drop the ending 하다, and replace it with “히”

Both are identical in meaning, but have a subtle difference in nuance.

Native Korean speakers use them interchangeably.

Korean Adverb Conjugation Rules #1-1 하다 -> ~이/히 type

For ~하다 adjectives ending with a batchim ㅅ or ㄱ, either ~이 or ~히 is added to the stem.

It’s best to memorize them on a case by case basis.

Rule #1 Exception Example

Here, 강히 is not an adjective Koreans use, hence this is an example of such exceptions.

So if you see a word ending with ~하게 ~히, you can identify it as an adverb and guess its base form.

Korean Adverb Conjugation Rules #2 ~게 type

For adjectives ending with 다, replace the ending 다 with 게.

PRO TIP : When in doubt, it’s safe to use ~게, because it works in every situation.

Korean Adverb Conjugation Rules #3 ~적으로 type

And there are adverbs that take the form of a noun + 적으로.

Rule #4 Never Changing Forms

Memorize them and use them in their original form!

Disclaimer : This is NOT an exhaustive list

Essential Korean Adverbs List

있이 is not on the list because unlike 없이, Korean people rarely use the word.

KOREAN ADVERB MARKERS

Then there are adverb markers that describe time, place, frequency and manner.

(SAMPLE) PRACTICE QUIZ

Convert the following adjective predicates to adverb form.

Rule #1 ~하게 / ~히 type

For adjectives ending with “하다”, you can either

1) replace the ending 다 with 게, as above, or

2) drop the ending 하다, and replace it with “히”

Both are identical in meaning, but have a subtle difference in nuance.

Native Korean speakers use them interchangeably.

ANSWER: 중요하게 / 중요히
건강하게 / 건강히 훌륭하게 / 훌륭히
수월하게 / 수월히 개운하게 / 개운히

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